Enphase Energy Reports Financial Results for the Fourth Quarter of 2023

February 6, 2024

FREMONT, Calif., Feb. 06, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Enphase Energy, Inc. (NASDAQ: ENPH), a global energy technology company and the world’s leading supplier of microinverter-based solar and battery systems, announced today financial results for the fourth quarter of 2023, which included the summary below from its President and CEO, Badri Kothandaraman.

We reported quarterly revenue of $302.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, along with 50.3% for non-GAAP gross margin. We shipped 1,595,677 microinverters, or approximately 660.1 megawatts DC, and 80.7 megawatt hours of IQ® Batteries.

Financial highlights for the fourth quarter of 2023 are listed below:

Quarterly revenue of $302.6 millionGAAP gross margin of 48.5%; non-GAAP gross margin of 50.3%, with net IRA benefitNon-GAAP gross margin of 41.8%, excluding net IRA benefit of 8.5%GAAP operating loss of $10.2 million; non-GAAP operating income of $65.6 millionGAAP net income of $20.9 million; non-GAAP net income of $73.5 millionGAAP diluted earnings per share of $0.15; non-GAAP diluted earnings per share of $0.54Free cash flow of $15.4 million; ending cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities of $1.70 billion

Our revenue and earnings for the fourth quarter of 2023 are provided below, compared with the prior quarter:

(In thousands, except per share and percentage data)

 GAAP Non-GAAP Q4 2023 Q3 2023 Q4 2022 Q4 2023 Q3 2023 Q4 2022Revenue$302,570  $551,082  $724,652  $302,570  $551,082  $724,652 Gross margin 48.5%  47.5%  42.9%  50.3%  48.4%  43.8%Operating expenses$156,893  $144,024  $153,741  $86,551  $99,027  $87,718 Operating income (loss)$(10,231) $117,989  $156,960  $65,587  $167,593  $229,389 Net income$20,919  $113,953  $153,753  $73,474  $141,849  $212,389 Basic EPS$0.15  $0.84  $1.13  $0.54  $1.04  $1.56 Diluted EPS$0.15  $0.80  $1.06  $0.54  $1.02  $1.51 

Our revenue and earnings for the fiscal year 2023 are provided below, compared with the prior year:

(In thousands, except per share and percentage data)

 GAAP Non-GAAP FY 2023 FY 2022 FY 2023 FY 2022Revenue$2,290,786  $2,330,853  $2,290,786  $2,330,853 Gross margin 46.2%  41.8%  47.1%  42.6%Operating expenses$612,647  $526,334  $382,115  $303,724 Operating income$445,741  $448,261  $697,210  $690,292 Net income$438,936  $397,362  $613,241  $647,424 Basic EPS$3.22  $2.94  $4.50  $4.78 Diluted EPS$3.08  $2.77  $4.41  $4.62 

Total revenue for the fourth quarter of 2023 was $302.6 million, compared to $551.1 million in the third quarter of 2023. Our revenue in the United States for the fourth quarter of 2023 decreased approximately 35%, compared to the third quarter of 2023. Our revenue in Europe decreased approximately 70%, compared to the third quarter of 2023. The declines were primarily the result of reduced shipments to manage high inventory at our distribution partners along with a further softening in demand.

Our non-GAAP gross margin was 50.3% in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to 48.4% in the third quarter of 2023, driven by increased net IRA benefit. Our non-GAAP gross margin, excluding net IRA benefit, was 41.8% in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to 45.8% in the third quarter of 2023, driven by product mix. Our non-GAAP operating expenses were $86.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $99.0 million in the third quarter of 2023. Our non-GAAP operating income was $65.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $167.6 million in the third quarter of 2023.

We exited the fourth quarter of 2023 with $1.70 billion in cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities and generated $35.5 million in cash flow from operations in the fourth quarter of 2023. Our capital expenditures were $20.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $23.8 million in the third quarter of 2023. Capital expenditure requirements decreased due to a reduction in our U.S. manufacturing spending.

In July 2023, our Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program with authorization to purchase up to $1.0 billion of shares of our common stock. In the fourth quarter of 2023, we repurchased 1,183,246 shares of our common stock at an average price of $84.51 per share for a total of approximately $100.0 million.

We started shipping IQ8P™ Microinverters with peak output AC power of 480 W for the small-commercial market in North America, and grid-tied residential applications in South Africa, Mexico, Brazil, and India. We introduced IQ8™ Microinverters into more countries in Europe – Austria, Italy and Belgium. Our newest product, the IQ8X™ microinverter with peak output AC power of 384 W for panels with high DC voltage, is shipping to customers in the United States. We now ship IQ8 Microinverters into 21 countries worldwide.

We shipped 80.7 megawatt hours of IQ Batteries in the fourth quarter of 2023. We now ship our third generation of IQ Batteries, the IQ® Battery 5P, to the United States, Puerto Rico, Australia, and the United Kingdom. We launched this battery in Italy during the fourth quarter of 2023. More than 4,700 installers worldwide are certified to install our IQ Batteries.

We continued to release new features in Solargraf℠, our cloud-based design and proposal software platform during the fourth quarter of 2023. We began offering electrical design and single line diagram features while continuing to offer NEM 3.0 functionality for solar and battery systems in California. The software platform is currently available to installers in the United States, Germany, Austria, and Brazil.

We shipped approximately 913,000 microinverters manufactured in the United States to customers in the fourth quarter of 2023. As part of our plan to streamline manufacturing, we are ceasing operations at our contract manufacturing locations in Romania and Wisconsin. We will focus on manufacturing microinverters in the United States with our two existing contract manufacturing partners in South Carolina and Texas. Once these two U.S. sites have fully ramped production, we expect to have a global capacity of approximately 7.25 million microinverter units per quarter, of which 5 million units of capacity will be in the United States.

BUSINESS HIGHLIGHTS

On Jan. 29, 2024, Enphase Energy announced that it started shipping IQ8HC™ and IQ8X Microinverters with peak output AC power of 384 W designed to seamlessly pair with a full range of solar modules up to 540 W DC.

On Jan. 23, 2024, Enphase Energy announced that it started shipping IQ8 Microinverters in Belgium, with peak output AC power of 384 W, to support newer, high-powered solar modules.

On Dec. 13, 2023, Enphase Energy announced that it is expanding its support for virtual power plants (VPPs) through grid services programs across the United States powered by the IQ Battery 5P.

On Dec. 5, 2023, Enphase Energy announced the launch of the IQ Battery 5P and IQ8 Microinverters, for customers in Italy.

On Nov. 30, 2023, Enphase Energy announced that it started shipping IQ8P Microinverters, with a peak output AC power of 480 W, in Mexico to support newer, high-powered solar modules.

On Nov. 16, 2023, Enphase Energy announced the launch of its new IQ8 Commercial Microinverters, featuring the IQ8P-3P™ Microinverter which enables a peak output AC power of 480 W, for the small commercial solar market in North America.

On Nov. 13, 2023, Enphase Energy announced that it started shipping IQ8P Microinverters, with peak output AC power of 480 W, in Brazil to support newer, high-powered solar modules.

On Nov. 2, 2023, Enphase Energy announce that it started shipping IQ8 Microinverters, with peak output AC power of 384 W, in Austria to support newer, high-powered solar modules.

On Oct. 30, 2023, Enphase Energy announced the launch of IQ8 Microinverters to support high-powered modules and the IQ Energy Router™ family of devices in Switzerland.

FIRST QUARTER 2024 FINANCIAL OUTLOOK

For the first quarter of 2024, Enphase Energy estimates both GAAP and non-GAAP financial results as follows:

Revenue to be within a range of $260.0 million to $300.0 million, which includes shipments of 70 to 90 megawatt hours of IQ BatteriesGAAP gross margin to be within a range of 42.0% to 45.0%, with net IRA benefitNon-GAAP gross margin to be within a range of 44.0% to 47.0% with net IRA benefit and 40.0% to 43.0% excluding net IRA benefit. Non-GAAP gross margin excludes stock-based compensation expense and acquisition related amortizationNet IRA benefit to be within a range of $12.0 to $14.0 million based on estimated shipments of 500,000 units of U.S. manufactured microinvertersGAAP operating expenses to be within a range of $144.0 million to $148.0 millionNon-GAAP operating expenses to be within a range of $80.0 million to $84.0 million, excluding $64.0 million estimated for stock-based compensation expense, acquisition related expenses and amortization, and restructuring and asset impairment charges

For 2024, GAAP and non-GAAP annualized effective tax rate with IRA benefit, excluding discrete items, is expected to be within a range of 19.0% to 21.0%

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Use of non-GAAP Financial Measures

Enphase Energy has presented certain non-GAAP financial measures in this press release. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company’s performance, financial position, or cash flows that either exclude or include amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP). Reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure can be found in the accompanying tables to this press release. Non-GAAP financial measures presented by Enphase Energy include non-GAAP gross profit, gross margin, operating expenses, income from operations, net income, net income per share (basic and diluted), net IRA benefit, and free cash flow.

These non-GAAP financial measures do not reflect a comprehensive system of accounting, differ from GAAP measures with the same captions and may differ from non-GAAP financial measures with the same or similar captions that are used by other companies. In addition, these non-GAAP measures have limitations in that they do not reflect all of the amounts associated with Enphase Energy’s results of operations as determined in accordance with GAAP. As such, these non-GAAP measures should be considered as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. Enphase Energy uses these non-GAAP financial measures to analyze its operating performance and future prospects, develop internal budgets and financial goals, and to facilitate period-to-period comparisons. Enphase Energy believes that these non-GAAP financial measures reflect an additional way of viewing aspects of its operations that, when viewed with its GAAP results, provide a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting its business.

As presented in the “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” tables below, each of the non-GAAP financial measures excludes one or more of the following items for purposes of calculating non-GAAP financial measures to facilitate an evaluation of Enphase Energy’s current operating performance and a comparison to its past operating performance:

Stock-based compensation expense. Enphase Energy excludes stock-based compensation expense from its non-GAAP measures primarily because they are non-cash in nature. Moreover, the impact of this expense is significantly affected by Enphase Energy’s stock price at the time of an award over which management has limited to no control.

Acquisition related expenses and amortization. This item represents expenses incurred related to Enphase Energy’s business acquisitions, which are non-recurring in nature, and amortization of acquired intangible assets, which is a non-cash expense. Acquisition related expenses and amortization of acquired intangible assets are not reflective of Enphase Energy’s ongoing financial performance.

Restructuring and asset impairment charges. Enphase Energy excludes restructuring and asset impairment charges due to the nature of the expenses being unusual and arising outside the ordinary course of continuing operations. These costs primarily consist of fees paid for cash-based severance costs and asset write-downs of property and equipment and acquired intangible assets, and other contract termination costs resulting from restructuring initiatives.

Non-cash interest expense. This item consists primarily of amortization of debt issuance costs and accretion of debt discount because these expenses do not represent a cash outflow for Enphase Energy except in the period the financing was secured and such amortization expense is not reflective of Enphase Energy’s ongoing financial performance.

Non-GAAP income tax adjustment. This item represents the amount adjusted to Enphase Energy’s GAAP tax provision or benefit to report the non-GAAP tax amount based on cash tax expense and reserves for periods prior to 2023. Effective January 1, 2023, Enphase Energy updated its methodology of computing the non-GAAP income tax adjustment from reporting cash tax expense and reserves to the projected non-GAAP annualized effective tax rate as Enphase Energy utilized most of its net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards in the year ended December 31, 2022 and became a significant cash taxpayer in the United States. Going forward, Enphase Energy will exclude the income tax effects of GAAP adjustments such as stock-based compensation, amortization of purchased intangibles, and other non-recurring items that are not reflective of Enphase Energy ongoing financial performance.

Non-GAAP net income per share, diluted. Enphase Energy excludes the dilutive effect of in-the-money portion of convertible senior notes as they are covered by convertible note hedge transactions that reduce potential dilution to our common stock upon conversion of the Notes due 2025, Notes due 2026 and Notes due 2028, and includes the dilutive effect of employee’s stock-based awards and the dilutive effect of warrants. Enphase Energy believes these adjustments provide useful supplemental information to the ongoing financial performance.

Net IRA benefit. This item represents the advanced manufacturing production tax credit (“AMPTC”) from the IRA for manufacturing microinverters in the United States, partially offset by the incremental manufacturing cost incurred in the United States relative to manufacturing in Mexico, India, and China. The AMPTC is accounted for by Enphase Energy as an income-based government grants that reduces cost of revenues in the consolidated statements of operations.

Free cash flow. This item represents net cash flows from operating activities less purchases of property and equipment.

Conference Call Information

Enphase Energy will host a conference call for analysts and investors to discuss its fourth quarter 2023 results and first quarter 2024 business outlook today at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time (1:30 p.m. Pacific Time). The call is open to the public by dialing (833) 634-5018. A live webcast of the conference call will also be accessible from the “Investor Relations” section of Enphase Energy’s website at investor.enphase.com. Following the webcast, an archived version will be available on the website for approximately one year. In addition, an audio replay of the conference call will be available by calling (877) 344-7529; replay access code 5859211, beginning approximately one hour after the call.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements, including statements related to Enphase Energy’s expectations as to its first quarter of 2024 financial outlook, including revenue, shipments of IQ Batteries, gross margin before and with net IRA benefit, estimated shipments of U.S. manufactured microinverters, operating expenses, and annualized effective tax rate with IRA benefit; its expectations regarding the expected net IRA benefit; its expectations on the timing of the introduction of new products into new countries globally; the capabilities, advantages, features, and performance of its technology and products; and the anticipated demand for and availability of its products and services. These forward-looking statements are based on Enphase Energy’s current expectations and inherently involve significant risks and uncertainties. Enphase Energy’s actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of certain risks and uncertainties including those risks described in more detail in its most recently filed Annual Report on Form 10-K and other documents on file with the SEC from time to time and available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Enphase Energy undertakes no duty or obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained in this release as a result of new information, future events or changes in its expectations, except as required by law.

A copy of this press release can be found on the investor relations page of Enphase Energy’s website at investor.enphase.com.

About Enphase Energy, Inc.

Enphase Energy, a global energy technology company based in Fremont, CA, is the world’s leading supplier of microinverter-based solar and battery systems that enable people to harness the sun to make, use, save, and sell their own power—and control it all with a smart mobile app. The company revolutionized the solar industry with its microinverter-based technology and builds all-in-one solar, battery, and software solutions. Enphase has shipped more than 73 million microinverters, and approximately 4.0 million Enphase-based systems have been deployed in more than 150 countries. For more information, visit https://enphase.com/.

© 2024 Enphase Energy, Inc. All rights reserved. Enphase Energy, Enphase, the “e” logo, IQ, IQ8, Solargraf, and certain other marks listed at https://enphase.com/trademark-usage-guidelines are trademarks or service marks of Enphase Energy, Inc. Other names are for informational purposes and may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Contact:

Zach Freedman
Enphase Energy, Inc.
Investor Relations
ir@enphaseenergy.com

ENPHASE ENERGY, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)  Three Months EndedYear Ended December 31,
2023 September 30,
2023 December 31,
2022 December 31,
2023 December 31,
2022Net revenues$302,570  $551,082  $724,652  $2,290,786  $2,330,853 Cost of revenues 155,908   289,069   413,951   1,232,398   1,356,258 Gross profit 146,662   262,013   310,701   1,058,388   974,595 Operating expenses:         Research and development 55,291   54,873   49,683   227,336   168,846 Sales and marketing 53,409   55,357   64,913   231,792   215,102 General and administrative 33,379   33,794   37,355   137,835   140,002 Restructuring and asset impairment charges 14,814   —   1,790   15,684   2,384 Total operating expenses 156,893   144,024   153,741   612,647   526,334 Income (loss) from operations (10,231)  117,989   156,960   445,741   448,261 Other income (expense), net         Interest income 20,493   19,669   8,720   69,728   13,656 Interest expense (2,268)  (2,196)  (2,279)  (8,839)  (9,438)Other income (expense), net 4,233   1,883   4,777   6,509   (431)Total other income (expense), net 22,458   19,356   11,218   67,398   3,787 Income before income taxes 12,227   137,345   168,178   513,139   452,048 Income tax (provision) benefit 8,692   (23,392)  (14,425)  (74,203)  (54,686)Net income$20,919  $113,953  $153,753  $438,936  $397,362 Net income per share:         Basic$0.15  $0.84  $1.13  $3.22  $2.94 Diluted$0.15  $0.80  $1.06  $3.08  $2.77 Shares used in per share calculation:         Basic 136,092   136,165   136,167   136,376   135,349 Diluted 139,205   143,863   146,311   143,290   144,390 

ENPHASE ENERGY, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 December 31,
2023 December 31,
2022ASSETS   Current assets:   Cash and cash equivalents$288,748  $473,244 Marketable securities 1,406,286   1,139,599 Accounts receivable, net 445,959   440,896 Inventory 213,595   149,708 Prepaid expenses and other assets 88,930   60,824 Total current assets 2,443,518   2,264,271 Property and equipment, net 168,244   111,367 Operating lease, right of use asset, net 19,887   21,379 Intangible assets, net 68,536   99,541 Goodwill 214,562   213,559 Other assets 215,895   169,291 Deferred tax assets, net 252,370   204,872 Total assets$3,383,012  $3,084,280 LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   Current liabilities:   Accounts payable$116,164  $125,085 Accrued liabilities 261,919   295,939 Deferred revenues, current 118,300   90,747 Warranty obligations, current 36,066   35,556 Debt, current —   90,892 Total current liabilities 532,449   638,219 Long-term liabilities:   Deferred revenues, non-current 369,172   281,613 Warranty obligations, non-current 153,021   95,890 Other liabilities 51,008   43,520 Debt, non-current 1,293,738   1,199,465 Total liabilities 2,399,388   2,258,707 Total stockholders’ equity 983,624   825,573 Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$3,383,012  $3,084,280 

ENPHASE ENERGY, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)  Three Months Ended Year Ended December 31,
2023 September 30,
2023 December 31,
2022 December 31,
2023 December 31,
2022Cash flows from operating activities:         Net income$20,919  $113,953  $153,753  $438,936  $397,362 Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:         Depreciation and amortization 20,841   19,448   16,009   74,708   58,775 Net amortization (accretion) of premium (discount) on marketable securities (2,950)  5,094   (4,723)  (15,561)  (2,632)Provision for doubtful accounts (129)  653   67   1,153   119 Asset impairment 9,700   903   —   10,603   1,200 Non-cash interest expense 2,126   2,114   2,077   8,380   8,167 Net gain from change in fair value of debt securities (2,670)  (1,910)  (345)  (8,078)  (735)Stock-based compensation 55,222   43,814   63,645   212,857   216,802 Deferred income taxes (5,053)  (11,499)  (12,099)  (43,348)  3,633 Changes in operating assets and liabilities:         Accounts receivable 105,771   (34,752)  (88,876)  (12,478)  (107,556)Inventory (39,481)  (8,003)  (3,222)  (63,887)  (75,273)Prepaid expenses and other assets (2,401)  (15,383)  (47,597)  (59,777)  (68,423)Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities (139,277)  9,903   91,128   (22,149)  133,416 Warranty obligations 221   8,151   25,566   57,641   57,773 Deferred revenues 12,611   13,369   58,331   117,780   122,189 Net cash provided by operating activities 35,450   145,855   253,714   696,780   744,817 Cash flows from investing activities:         Purchases of property and equipment (20,075)  (23,848)  (16,429)  (110,401)  (46,443)Purchases of marketable securities (337,757)  (470,766)  (335,193)  (2,081,431)  (907,430)Maturities and sale of marketable securities 433,869   494,804   282,973   1,840,477   660,129 Investments in private companies —   (15,000)  (15,000)  (15,000)  (16,000)Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired —   —   (34,482)  —   (62,162)Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities 76,037   (14,810)  (118,131)  (366,355)  (371,906)Cash flows from financing activities:         Repurchase of common stock (99,998)  (110,000)  —   (409,998)  — Proceeds from exercise of equity awards and employee stock purchase plan 12,555   719   5,090   13,870   10,370 Payment of withholding taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards (27,546)  (8,465)  (8,100)  (120,646)  (27,496)Net cash used in financing activities (114,989)  (117,746)  (3,010)  (516,774)  (17,126)Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents 2,175   (1,900)  3,088   1,853   (1,857)Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (1,327)  11,399   135,661   (184,496)  353,928 Cash and cash equivalents—Beginning of period 290,075   278,676   337,583   473,244   119,316 Cash and cash equivalents —End of period$288,748  $290,075  $473,244  $288,748  $473,244 

ENPHASE ENERGY, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(In thousands, except per share data and percentages)
(Unaudited)  Three Months Ended Year Ended December 31,
2023 September 30,
2023 December 31,
2022 December 31,
2023 December 31,
2022Gross profit (GAAP)$146,662  $262,013  $310,701  $1,058,388  $974,595 Stock-based compensation 3,582   2,708   4,271   13,357   13,097 Acquisition related amortization 1,894   1,899   2,135   7,580   6,324 Gross profit (Non-GAAP)$152,138  $266,620  $317,107  $1,079,325  $994,016           Gross margin (GAAP) 48.5%  47.5%  42.9%  46.2%  41.8%Stock-based compensation 1.2   0.6   0.6   0.6   0.5 Acquisition related amortization 0.6   0.3   0.3   0.3   0.3 Gross margin (Non-GAAP) 50.3%  48.4%  43.8%  47.1%  42.6%          Operating expenses (GAAP)$156,893  $144,024  $153,741  $612,647  $526,334 Stock-based compensation(1) (51,640)  (41,106)  (59,374)  (199,500)  (203,705)Acquisition related expenses and amortization (3,888)  (3,891)  (4,859)  (15,317)  (16,521)Restructuring and asset impairment charges (14,814)  —   (1,790)  (15,715)  (2,384)Operating expenses (Non-GAAP)$86,551  $99,027  $87,718  $382,115  $303,724           (1)Includes stock-based compensation as follows:         Research and development$23,839  $19,285  $21,687  $88,367  $69,082 Sales and marketing 16,472   13,297   23,517   65,703   78,819 General and administrative 11,329   8,524   14,170   45,430   55,804 Total$51,640  $41,106  $59,374  $199,500  $203,705           Income (loss) from operations (GAAP)$(10,231) $117,989  $156,960  $445,741  $448,261 Stock-based compensation 55,222   43,814   63,645   212,857   216,802 Acquisition related expenses and amortization 5,782   5,790   6,994   22,897   22,845 Restructuring and asset impairment charges 14,814   —   1,790   15,715   2,384 Income from operations (Non-GAAP)$65,587  $167,593  $229,389  $697,210  $690,292           Net income (GAAP)$20,919  $113,953  $153,753  $438,936  $397,362 Stock-based compensation 55,222   43,814   63,645   212,857   216,802 Acquisition related expenses and amortization 5,782   5,790   6,994   22,897   22,845 Restructuring and asset impairment charges 14,814   —   1,790   15,715   2,384 Non-cash interest expense 2,126   2,114   2,077   8,380   8,169 Non-GAAP income tax adjustment (25,389)  (23,822)  (15,870)  (85,544)  (138)Net income (Non-GAAP)$73,474  $141,849  $212,389  $613,241  $647,424           Net income per share, basic (GAAP)$0.15  $0.84  $1.13  $3.22  $2.94 Stock-based compensation 0.40   0.32   0.47   1.56   1.60 Acquisition related expenses and amortization 0.08   0.04   0.05   0.17   0.17 Restructuring and asset impairment charges 0.11   —   0.01   0.12   0.02 Non-cash interest expense 0.02   0.02   0.02   0.06   0.06 Non-GAAP income tax adjustment (0.22)  (0.18)  (0.12)  (0.63)  (0.01)Net income per share, basic (Non-GAAP)$0.54  $1.04  $1.56  $4.50  $4.78           Shares used in basic per share calculation GAAP and Non-GAAP 136,092   136,165   136,167   136,376   135,349           Net income per share, diluted (GAAP)$0.15  $0.80  $1.06  $3.08  $2.77 Stock-based compensation 0.39   0.32   0.46   1.57   1.55 Acquisition related expenses and amortization 0.08   0.04   0.05   0.16   0.16 Restructuring and asset impairment charges 0.10   —   0.02   0.11   0.02 Non-cash interest expense 0.01   0.02   0.02   0.06   0.06 Non-GAAP income tax adjustment (0.19)  (0.16)  (0.10)  (0.57)  0.06 Net income per share, diluted (Non-GAAP)(2)$0.54  $1.02  $1.51  $4.41  $4.62           Shares used in diluted per share calculation GAAP 139,205   143,863   146,311   143,290   144,390 Shares used in diluted per share calculation Non-GAAP 137,187   138,535   140,983   139,214   140,315           Income-based government grants (GAAP)$32,887  $18,532  $—  $53,470  $— Incremental cost for manufacturing in U.S. (7,112)  (4,085)  —   (11,603)  — Net IRA benefit (Non-GAAP)$25,775  $14,447  $—  $41,867  $—           Net cash provided by operating activities (GAAP)$35,450  $145,855  $253,714  $696,780  $744,817 Purchases of property and equipment (20,075)  (23,848)  (16,429)  (110,401)  (46,443)Free cash flow (Non-GAAP)$15,375  $122,007  $237,285  $586,379  $698,374 

(2)Calculation of non-GAAP diluted net income per share for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 excludes convertible Notes due 2023 interest expense, net of tax of less than $0.1 million in each period from non-GAAP net income. Calculation of non-GAAP diluted net income per share for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 excludes convertible Notes due 2023 interest expense, net of tax of approximately $0.1 million in each period from non-GAAP net income.

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