Ring Energy Announces First Quarter 2024 Results, Provides Second Quarter 2024 Outlook and Reiterates Full Year 2024 Guidance

May 6, 2024

~ Crude Oil and Boe Sales Volumes Exceed High End of Q1 Guidance ~
~ LOE per Boe and Capital Spending Below Low End of Q1 Guidance ~

THE WOODLANDS, Texas, May 06, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Ring Energy, Inc. (NYSE American: REI) (“Ring” or the “Company”) today reported operational and financial results for the first quarter of 2024. Also, the Company provided an outlook for the second quarter of 2024 and reiterated its operational and financial guidance for the full year of 2024.

First Quarter 2024 Highlights

Sales of 13,394 barrels of oil per day (“Bo/d”), exceeding high end of the Company’s guidance by 5%; Total sales volumes of 19,034 barrels of oil equivalent per day (“Boe/d”) (70% oil), exceeding high end of guidance by 3%; Reported net income of $5.5 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, which included a before-tax loss on derivative contracts of $19.0 million;Achieved Adjusted Net Income1 of $20.3 million, or $0.10 per diluted share, which excludes the unrealized portion of the derivative loss, share-based compensation and the related tax impact;Lease Operating Expense (“LOE”) of $10.60 per Boe was below the low end of guidance;Generated Adjusted EBITDA1 of $62.0 million and Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities of $45.2 million;Capital expenditures of $36.3 million were below the low end of Ring’s guidance range; Successfully drilled and completed 11 producing wells during the first quarter, of which five wells came online late in the period; Achieved Adjusted Free Cash Flow1 of $15.6 million, remaining cash flow positive for the 18th consecutive quarter;Ended the first quarter of 2024 with $422.0 million in outstanding borrowings on the Company’s credit facility, reflecting a pay-down of $3.0 million during the quarter and $33.0 million since closing the Founders Acquisition in August 2023; Liquidity as of March 31, 2024 was $179.3 million and the Leverage Ratio2 was 1.67x; Provided guidance for sales volumes, operating expenses and capital spending for the second quarter of 2024 and reiterated Ring’s full year 2024 outlook.

Mr. Paul D. McKinney, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, commented, “Our first quarter 2024 operational and financial results exceeded our expectations on many fronts, helped position the Company to take advantage of the opportunities we believe 2024 may present, and further underscore the benefits of our strategy to maximize cash flow generation. Our Adjusted Free Cash Flow this quarter is up over 48 percent over the same period last year. The robust results of our capital spending program together with our continuing focus on reducing overall costs and downtime led to higher sales volumes than expected despite the impact of an early winter storm, lower capital costs associated with our drilling and completion program, and lower per-Boe lifting costs in many of our field operating areas. These efficiencies and cost savings associated with our first quarter activities have positioned the Company well for the rest of the year and on behalf of our Board of Directors and management team, we thank our office and field employees for the outstanding execution that lead to these results.”

Mr. McKinney concluded, “As we look to the remainder of 2024, our focus remains unchanged on further improving our balance sheet. We will continue our disciplined capital spending program designed to organically maintain or slightly grow our oil production and we will seek further opportunities to reduce costs. Finally, we will continue to look for opportunities to grow through the pursuit of strategic, accretive and balance sheet enhancing acquisitions.”

Summary Results

 Q1 2024Q4 2023Q1 2024 to
Q4 2023 %
Change
Q1 2023Q1 2024 to
Q1 2023 %
Change
Net Sales (Boe/d)19,03419,397(2)%18,2924% Crude Oil (Bo/d)13,39413,637(2)%12,6606%Net Sales (MBoe)1,732.11,784.5(3)%1,646.35%Realized Price – All Products ($/Boe)$54.56$56.01(3)%$53.502%Revenues ($MM)$94.5$99.9(5)%$88.17%Net Income ($MM)$5.5$50.9(89)%$32.7(83)%Adjusted Net Income ($MM)$20.3$21.2(4)%$25.0(19)%Adjusted EBITDA ($MM)$62.0$65.4(5)%$58.66%Capital Expenditures ($MM)$36.3$38.8(7)%$38.9(7)%Adjusted Free Cash Flow ($MM)$15.6$16.3(4)%$10.548%      

Financial Overview: For the first quarter of 2024, the Company reported net income of $5.5 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, which included a $17.6 million before-tax non-cash unrealized commodity derivative loss and $1.7 million in before-tax share-based compensation. The Company’s Adjusted Net Income was $20.3 million, or $0.10 per diluted share. In the fourth quarter of 2023, the Company reported net income of $50.9 million, or $0.26 per diluted share, which included a $32.5 million before-tax non-cash unrealized commodity derivative gain, $2.5 million for before-tax share-based compensation, and $0.4 million in before-tax transaction related costs. The Company’s Adjusted Net Income for the fourth quarter of 2023 was $21.2 million, or $0.11 per diluted share. For the first quarter of 2023, Ring reported net income of $32.7 million, or $0.17 per diluted share, which included a $10.1 million before-tax non-cash unrealized commodity derivative gain and $1.9 million in before-tax share-based compensation. Adjusted Net Income in the first quarter of 2023 was $25.0 million, or $0.13 per diluted share.

Adjusted EBITDA was $62.0 million for the first quarter of 2024 compared to $65.4 million for the fourth quarter of 2023 and $58.6 million for the first quarter of 2023 — a 6% year-over-year increase.

Adjusted Free Cash Flow for the first quarter of 2024 was $15.6 million versus $16.3 million for the fourth quarter of 2023 and $10.5 million for the first quarter of 2023. Included was capital spending of $36.3 million in the first quarter of 2024 versus $38.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2023 and $38.9 million in the first quarter of 2023.

Adjusted Cash Flow from Operations was $51.9 million for the first quarter of 2024 compared to $55.1 million for the fourth quarter of 2023, and $49.4 million for the first quarter of 2023.

Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Free Cash Flow, and Adjusted Cash Flow from Operations are non-GAAP financial measures, which are described in more detail and reconciled to the most comparable GAAP measures, in the tables shown later in this release under “Non-GAAP Financial Information.”

Sales Volumes, Prices and Revenues: Sales volumes for the first quarter of 2024 were 19,034 Boe/d (70% oil, 15% natural gas and 15% NGLs), or 1,732,057 Boe. The Company’s guidance for first quarter 2024 was 18,000 to 18,500 Boe/d, including 12,420 to 12,765 Bo/d, with actual results 3% and 5% above the top end of guidance, respectively. Positively impacting first quarter 2024 sales volumes was the Founders Acquisition that closed in August 2023, incremental production brought online during the period associated with the Company’s ongoing development program, and less than expected downtime during the months of February and March. Fourth quarter 2023 sales volumes were 19,397 Boe/d (70% oil, 15% natural gas and 15% NGLs), or 1,784,490 Boe, and first quarter of 2023 sales volumes were 18,292 Boe/d (69% oil, 16% natural gas and 15% NGLs), or 1,646,306 Boe. First quarter 2024 sales volumes were comprised of 1,218,837 barrels (“Bbls”) of oil, 1,496,507 thousand cubic feet (“Mcf”) of natural gas and 263,802 Bbls of NGLs.

For the first quarter of 2024, the Company realized an average sales price of $75.72 per barrel of crude oil, $(0.55) per Mcf of natural gas and $11.47 per barrel of NGLs. The realized natural gas and NGL prices were impacted by a fee reduction to the value received. For the first quarter of 2024, the weighted average natural gas price per Mcf was $1.19 offset by a weighted average fee value per Mcf of ($1.74), and the weighted average NGL price per barrel was $21.40 offset by a weighted average fee per barrel of ($9.93). The combined average realized sales price for the period was $54.56 per Boe, down 3% versus $56.01 per Boe for the fourth quarter of 2023, and up 2% from $53.50 per Boe in the first quarter of 2023. The average oil price differential the Company experienced from NYMEX WTI futures pricing in the first quarter of 2024 was a negative $1.34 per barrel of crude oil, while the average natural gas price differential from NYMEX futures pricing was a negative $2.57 per Mcf.

Revenues were $94.5 million for the first quarter of 2024 compared to $99.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2023 and $88.1 million for the first quarter of 2023. The 5% decrease in first quarter 2024 revenues from the fourth quarter of 2023 was driven by lower realized pricing and slightly lower overall sales volumes.

Lease Operating Expense (“LOE”): LOE, which includes expensed workovers and facilities maintenance, was $18.4 million, or $10.60 per Boe, in the first quarter of 2024, which was below the low end of the Company’s guidance of $10.75 to $11.25 per Boe. LOE per Boe was below expectations due to lower expense workover costs and higher production. LOE was $18.7 million, or $10.50 per Boe in the fourth quarter of 2023 and $17.5 million, or $10.61 per Boe, for the first quarter of 2023.

Gathering, Transportation and Processing (“GTP”) Costs: As previously disclosed, due to a contractual change effective May 1, 2022, the Company no longer maintains ownership and control of natural gas through processing. As a result, GTP costs are now reflected as a reduction to the natural gas sales price and not as an expense item. There remains only one contract in place with a natural gas processing entity where the point of control of gas dictates requiring the fees to be recorded as an expense.

Ad Valorem Taxes: Ad valorem taxes were $1.24 per Boe for the first quarter of 2024 compared to $0.92 per Boe in the fourth quarter of 2023 and $1.01 per Boe for the first quarter of 2023.

Production Taxes: Production taxes were $2.56 per Boe in the first quarter of 2024 compared to $2.78 per Boe in the fourth quarter of 2023 and $2.68 per Boe in first quarter of 2023. Production taxes ranged between 4.7% to 5.0% of revenue for all three periods.

Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization (“DD&A”) and Asset Retirement Obligation Accretion: DD&A was $13.74 per Boe in the first quarter of 2024 versus $13.76 per Boe for the fourth quarter of 2023 and $12.92 per Boe in the first quarter of 2023. Asset retirement obligation accretion was $0.20 per Boe in the first quarter of 2024 compared to $0.20 per Boe for the fourth quarter of 2023 and $0.22 per Boe in the first quarter of 2023.

General and Administrative Expenses (“G&A”): G&A was $7.5 million ($4.31 per Boe) for the first quarter of 2024 versus $8.2 million ($4.58 per Boe) for the fourth quarter of 2023 and $7.1 million ($4.33 per Boe) for the first quarter of 2023. G&A, excluding non-cash share-based compensation, was $5.7 million ($3.32 per Boe) for the first quarter of 2024 versus $5.7 million ($3.20 per Boe) for the fourth quarter of 2023 and $5.2 million ($3.15 per Boe) for the first quarter of 2023. G&A, excluding non-cash share-based compensation and transaction costs, was $5.7 million ($3.32 per Boe) for the first quarter versus $5.4 million ($3.00 per Boe) for the fourth quarter of 2023 and $5.2 million ($3.15 per Boe) for the first quarter of 2023.

Interest Expense: Interest expense was $11.5 million in the first quarter of 2024 versus $11.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2023 and $10.4 million for the first quarter of 2023.

Derivative (Loss) Gain: In the first quarter of 2024, Ring recorded a net loss of $19.0 million on its commodity derivative contracts, including a realized $1.5 million cash commodity derivative loss and an unrealized $17.6 million non-cash commodity derivative loss. This compares to a net gain of $29.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, including a realized $3.3 million cash commodity derivative loss and an unrealized $32.5 million non-cash commodity derivative gain. In the first quarter of 2023, the Company recorded a net gain on commodity derivative contracts of $9.5 million, including a realized $0.6 million cash commodity derivative loss and an unrealized $10.1 million non-cash commodity derivative gain.

A summary listing of the Company’s outstanding derivative positions at March 31, 2024 is included in the tables shown later in this release.

For the remainder (April through December) of 2024, the Company has approximately 1.5 million barrels of oil (approximately 43% of oil sales guidance midpoint) hedged and approximately 1.9 billion cubic feet of natural gas (approximately 41% of natural gas sales guidance midpoint) hedged.

Income Tax: The Company recorded a non-cash income tax provision of $1.7 million in the first quarter of 2024 versus $7.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2023 and $2.0 million for the first quarter of 2023.

Balance Sheet and Liquidity: Total liquidity (defined as cash and cash equivalents plus borrowing base availability under the Company’s credit facility) at March 31, 2024 was $179.3 million, a 3% increase from December 31, 2023. Liquidity at March 31, 2024 consisted of cash and cash equivalents of $1.4 million and $178.0 million of availability under Ring’s revolving credit facility, which included a reduction of $35.0 thousand for letters of credit. On March 31, 2024, the Company had $422.0 million in borrowings outstanding on its credit facility that has a current borrowing base of $600.0 million. Consistent with the past, the Company is targeting further future debt reduction dependent on market conditions, the timing and level of capital spending, and other considerations.

Capital Expenditures: During the first quarter of 2024, capital expenditures were $36.3 million, which was below the Company’s guidance of $37 million to $42 million, while the number of producing wells drilled and completed — 11 in total — was at the high end of the Ring’s guidance. In the first quarter of 2024, in the Northwest Shelf, the Company drilled and completed two 1-mile horizontal wells (one with a working interest of 99.5% and the other with a working interest of 100%). In the Central Basin Platform, Ring drilled and completed nine wells, all with a working interest of 100%. Specifically, in its Andrews County acreage the Company drilled and completed three 1-mile horizontal wells, in its Ector County acreage Ring drilled three vertical wells, and in its Crane County acreage the Company drilled and completed three vertical wells. Additionally, within the Central Basin Platform, Ring drilled and completed one salt water disposal (“SWD”) well in Ector County which was originally planned for the second quarter.

Quarter Area Wells Drilled Wells Completed       1Q 2024 Northwest Shelf (Horizontal) 2 2  Central Basin Platform (Horizontal) 3 3  Central Basin Platform (Vertical) 6 6  Total(1) 11 11

(1) First quarter total does not include the SWD well drilled and completed in the Central Basin Platform.

Full Year and Second Quarter 2024 Sales Volumes, Capital Investment and Operating Expense Guidance

In January, the Company commenced its 2024 development program that includes two rigs (one horizontal and one vertical) and is focused on slightly growing oil volumes while maintaining year-over-year overall production levels. The Company is utilizing a phased (versus continuous) capital drilling program seeking to maximize free cash flow on a quarterly basis.

For full year 2024, Ring continues to expect total capital spending of $135 million to $175 million that includes a balanced and capital efficient combination of drilling, completing and placing on production 18 to 24 Hz and 20 to 30 vertical wells across the Company’s asset portfolio. Additionally, the full year capital spending program includes funds for targeted well recompletions, capital workovers, infrastructure upgrades, reactivations, and leasing costs, as well as non-operated drilling, completion, and capital workovers.

All projects and estimates are based on assumed WTI oil prices of $70 to $90 per barrel and Henry Hub prices of $2.00 to $3.00 per Mcf. As in the past, Ring has designed its spending program with flexibility to respond to changes in commodity prices and other market conditions as appropriate.

Based on the $155 million mid-point of spending guidance, the Company continues to expect the following estimated allocation of capital investment, including:

73% for drilling, completion, and related infrastructure;24% for recompletions and capital workovers; and3% for land, environmental and emission reducing upgrades, and non-operated capital.

The Company forecasts full year 2024 oil sales volumes of 12,600 to 13,300 Bo/d compared with full year 2023 oil sales volumes of 12,548 Bo/d, with the mid-point of guidance reflecting a 3% increase.

The Company remains focused on continuing to generate Adjusted Free Cash Flow. All 2024 planned capital expenditures will be fully funded by cash on hand and cash from operations, and excess Adjusted Free Cash Flow is currently targeted for further debt reduction.

For the second quarter of 2024, Ring is providing guidance for sales volumes, capital spending and operating expense. Benefiting the second quarter is the expectation of a continued positive pricing environment, the success of the first quarter capital spending program that included five wells coming on late in the first quarter, and further development of the Company’s high rate-of-return inventory. Ring expects second quarter 2024 sales volumes of 13,000 to 13,400 Bo/d and 18,500 to 19,100 Boe/d (70% oil, 15% natural gas, and 15% NGLs).

The Company is targeting total capital expenditures in the second quarter of 2024 of $37 million to $42 million, primarily for drilling and completion activity. Additionally, the capital spending program includes funds for targeted capital workovers, infrastructure upgrades, leasing costs; and non-operated drilling, completion, and capital workovers.

The guidance in the table below represents the Company’s current good faith estimate of the range of likely future results. Guidance could be affected by the factors discussed below in the “Safe Harbor Statement” section.

  Q2FY  20242024Sales Volumes:   Total Oil (Bo/d) 13,000 – 13,40012,600 – 13,300Mid Point (Bo/d) 13,20012,950Total (Boe/d) 18,500 – 19,10018,000 – 19,000Mid Point (Boe/d) 18,80018,500Oil (%) 70%70%NGLs (%) 15%15%Gas (%) 15%15%    Capital Program:   Capital spending(1)(millions) $37 – $42$135 – $175Mid Point (millions) $39.5$155.0New Hz wells drilled 4 – 518 – 24New Vertical wells drilled 5 – 620 – 30Wells completed and online 9 – 1138 – 54    Operating Expenses:   LOE (per Boe) $10.75 – $11.25$10.50 – $11.50

(1) In addition to Company-directed drilling and completion activities, the capital spending outlook includes funds for targeted well recompletions, capital workovers, infrastructure upgrades, and well reactivations. Also included is anticipated spending for leasing costs; and non-operated drilling, completion, and capital workovers.

Conference Call Information

Ring will hold a conference call on Tuesday, May 7, 2024 at 11:00 a.m. ET to discuss its first quarter 2024 operational and financial results. An updated investor presentation will be posted to the Company’s website prior to the conference call.

To participate in the conference call, interested parties should dial 833-953-2433 at least five minutes before the call is to begin. Please reference the “Ring Energy First Quarter 2024 Earnings Conference Call”. International callers may participate by dialing 412-317-5762. The call will also be webcast and available on Ring’s website at www.ringenergy.com under “Investors” on the “News & Events” page. An audio replay will also be available on the Company’s website following the call.

About Ring Energy, Inc.

Ring Energy, Inc. is an oil and gas exploration, development, and production company with current operations focused on the development of its Permian Basin assets. For additional information, please visit www.ringenergy.com.

Safe Harbor Statement

This release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking statements involve a wide variety of risks and uncertainties, and include, without limitation, statements with respect to the Company’s strategy and prospects. The forward-looking statements include statements about the expected future reserves, production, financial position, business strategy, revenues, earnings, costs, capital expenditures and debt levels of the Company, and plans and objectives of management for future operations. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions and analyses made by Ring and its management in light of their experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors appropriate under the circumstances. However, whether actual results and developments will conform to expectations is subject to a number of material risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to: declines in oil, natural gas liquids or natural gas prices; the level of success in exploration, development and production activities; adverse weather conditions that may negatively impact development or production activities particularly in the winter; the timing of exploration and development expenditures; inaccuracies of reserve estimates or assumptions underlying them; revisions to reserve estimates as a result of changes in commodity prices; impacts to financial statements as a result of impairment write-downs; risks related to level of indebtedness and periodic redeterminations of the borrowing base and interest rates under the Company’s credit facility; Ring’s ability to generate sufficient cash flows from operations to meet the internally funded portion of its capital expenditures budget; the impacts of hedging on results of operations; and Ring’s ability to replace oil and natural gas reserves. Such statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties which are disclosed in the Company’s reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including its Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, and its other filings. Ring undertakes no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statements, except as required by law.

Contact Information
Al Petrie Advisors
Al Petrie, Senior Partner
Phone: 281-975-2146 Email: apetrie@ringenergy.com

 RING ENERGY, INC.
Condensed Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)   Three Months Ended March 31, December 31, March 31, 2024 2023 2023      Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Revenues$94,503,136  $99,942,718  $88,082,912       Costs and Operating Expenses     Lease operating expenses 18,360,434   18,732,082   17,472,691 Gathering, transportation and processing costs 166,054   464,558   (823)Ad valorem taxes 2,145,631   1,637,722   1,670,613 Oil and natural gas production taxes 4,428,303   4,961,768   4,408,140 Depreciation, depletion and amortization 23,792,450   24,556,654   21,271,671 Asset retirement obligation accretion 350,834   351,786   365,847 Operating lease expense 175,091   175,090   113,138 General and administrative expense 7,469,222   8,164,799   7,130,139       Total Costs and Operating Expenses 56,888,019   59,044,459   52,431,416       Income from Operations 37,615,117   40,898,259   35,651,496       Other Income (Expense)     Interest income 78,544   96,984   — Interest (expense) (11,498,944)  (11,603,892)  (10,390,279)Gain (loss) on derivative contracts (19,014,495)  29,250,352   9,474,905 Gain (loss) on disposal of assets 38,355   44,981   — Other income 25,686   72,725   9,600 Net Other Income (Expense) (30,370,854)  17,861,150   (905,774)      Income Before Benefit from (Provision for) Income Taxes 7,244,263   58,759,409   34,745,722       Benefit from (Provision for) Income Taxes (1,728,886)  (7,862,930)  (2,029,943)      Net Income$5,515,377  $50,896,479  $32,715,779       Basic Earnings per Share$0.03  $0.26  $0.18 Diluted Earnings per Share$0.03  $0.26  $0.17       Basic Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding 197,389,782   195,687,725   177,984,323 Diluted Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding 199,305,150   197,848,812   190,138,969             

 RING ENERGY, INC.
Condensed Operating Data
(Unaudited)   Three Months Ended March 31, December 31, March 31, 2024 2023 2023      Net sales volumes:     Oil (Bbls) 1,218,837   1,254,619   1,139,413 Natural gas (Mcf) 1,496,507   1,613,102   1,601,407 Natural gas liquids (Bbls) 263,802   261,020   239,992 Total oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids (Boe)(1) 1,732,057   1,784,490   1,646,306 % Oil 70%  70%  69%% Natural Gas 15%  15%  16%% Natural Gas Liquids 15%  15%  15%      Average daily sales volumes:     Oil (Bbls/d) 13,394   13,637   12,660 Natural gas (Mcf/d) 16,445   17,534   17,793 Natural gas liquids (Bbls/d) 2,899   2,837   2,667 Average daily equivalent sales (Boe/d) 19,034   19,397   18,292       Average realized sales prices:     Oil ($/Bbl)$75.72  $77.33  $73.36 Natural gas ($/Mcf) (0.55)  (0.12)  0.66 Natural gas liquids ($/Bbls) 11.47   11.92   14.30 Barrel of oil equivalent ($/Boe)$54.56  $56.01  $53.50       Average costs and expenses per Boe ($/Boe):     Lease operating expenses$10.60  $10.50  $10.61 Gathering, transportation and processing costs 0.10   0.26   — Ad valorem taxes 1.24   0.92   1.01 Oil and natural gas production taxes 2.56   2.78   2.68 Depreciation, depletion and amortization 13.74   13.76   12.92 Asset retirement obligation accretion 0.20   0.20   0.22 Operating lease expense 0.10   0.10   0.07 General and administrative expense (including share-based compensation) 4.31   4.58   4.33 G&A (excluding share-based compensation) 3.32   3.20   3.15 G&A (excluding share-based compensation and transaction costs) 3.32   3.00   3.15             

(1) Boe is determined using the ratio of six Mcf of natural gas to one Bbl of oil (totals may not compute due to rounding.) The conversion ratio does not assume price equivalency and the price on an equivalent basis for oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids may differ significantly.

 RING ENERGY, INC.
Condensed Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)       March 31, 2024 December 31, 2023ASSETS    Current Assets    Cash and cash equivalents $1,376,075  $296,384 Accounts receivable  44,392,621   38,965,002 Joint interest billing receivables, net  1,857,241   2,422,274 Derivative assets  3,704,446   6,215,374 Inventory  5,965,519   6,136,935 Prepaid expenses and other assets  1,371,146   1,874,850 Total Current Assets  58,667,048   55,910,819 Properties and Equipment    Oil and natural gas properties, full cost method  1,700,133,519   1,663,548,249 Financing lease asset subject to depreciation  4,151,171   3,896,316 Fixed assets subject to depreciation  3,353,730   3,228,793 Total Properties and Equipment  1,707,638,420   1,670,673,358 Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization  (400,876,225)  (377,252,572)Net Properties and Equipment  1,306,762,195   1,293,420,786 Operating lease asset  2,353,647   2,499,592 Derivative assets  5,092,176   11,634,714 Deferred financing costs  11,808,874   13,030,481 Total Assets $1,384,683,940  $1,376,496,392      LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY    Current Liabilities    Accounts payable $99,149,633  $104,064,124 Income tax liability  102,633   — Financing lease liability  1,003,909   956,254 Operating lease liability  612,373   568,176 Derivative liabilities  17,517,656   7,520,336 Notes payable  —   533,734 Asset retirement obligations  36,318   165,642 Total Current Liabilities  118,422,522   113,808,266      Non-current Liabilities    Deferred income taxes  10,178,298   8,552,045 Revolving line of credit  422,000,000   425,000,000 Financing lease liability, less current portion  858,374   906,330 Operating lease liability, less current portion  1,896,177   2,054,041 Derivative liabilities  10,012,561   11,510,368 Asset retirement obligations  28,308,884   28,082,442 Total Liabilities  591,676,816   589,913,492 Commitments and contingencies    Stockholders’ Equity    Preferred stock – $0.001 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding  —   — Common stock – $0.001 par value; 450,000,000 shares authorized; 197,934,202 shares and 196,837,001 shares issued and outstanding, respectively  197,934   196,837 Additional paid-in capital  796,742,425   795,834,675 Accumulated deficit  (3,933,235)  (9,448,612)Total Stockholders’ Equity  793,007,124   786,582,900 Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity $1,384,683,940  $1,376,496,392          

 RING ENERGY, INC.
Condensed Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)   Three Months Ended March 31, December 31, March 31, 2024 2023 2023      Cash Flows From Operating Activities     Net income$5,515,377  $50,896,479  $32,715,779 Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:     Depreciation, depletion and amortization 23,792,450   24,556,654   21,271,671 Asset retirement obligation accretion 350,834   351,786   365,847 Amortization of deferred financing costs 1,221,607   1,221,479   1,220,384 Share-based compensation 1,723,832   2,458,682   1,943,696 Bad debt expense 163,840   92,142   2,894 Deferred income tax expense (benefit) 1,585,445   7,735,437   1,972,653 Excess tax expense (benefit) related to share-based compensation 40,808   319,541   — (Gain) loss on derivative contracts 19,014,495   (29,250,352)  (9,474,905)Cash received (paid) for derivative settlements, net (1,461,515)  (3,255,192)  (658,525)Changes in operating assets and liabilities:     Accounts receivable (5,240,487)  6,825,601   3,428,287 Inventory 171,416   (588,100)  442,598 Prepaid expenses and other assets 503,704   158,163   529,934 Accounts payable (1,601,276)  (4,952,335)  (9,589,898)Settlement of asset retirement obligation (591,361)  (836,778)  (490,319)Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities 45,189,169   55,733,207   43,680,096       Cash Flows From Investing Activities     Payments for the Stronghold Acquisition —   —   (18,511,170)Payments for the Founders Acquisition —   (12,324,388)  — Payments to purchase oil and natural gas properties (475,858)  (557,323)  (59,099)Payments to develop oil and natural gas properties (38,904,808)  (39,563,282)  (36,939,307)Payments to acquire or improve fixed assets subject to depreciation (124,937)  (282,519)  (14,570)Sale of fixed assets subject to depreciation —   (1)  — Proceeds from divestiture of equipment for oil and natural gas properties —   1,500,000   54,558 Proceeds from sale of Delaware properties —   (7,993)  — Proceeds from sale of New Mexico properties —   (420,745)  — Net Cash (Used in) Investing Activities (39,505,603)  (51,656,251)  (55,469,588)      Cash Flows From Financing Activities     Proceeds from revolving line of credit 51,500,000   46,000,000   56,000,000 Payments on revolving line of credit (54,500,000)  (49,000,000)  (49,000,000)Proceeds from issuance of common stock from warrant exercises —   —   3,613,941 Payments for taxes withheld on vested restricted shares, net (814,985)  (225,788)  (134,381)Proceeds from notes payable —   72,442   — Payments on notes payable (533,734)  (488,776)  (499,880)Payment of deferred financing costs —   (52,222)  — Reduction of financing lease liabilities (255,156)  (224,809)  (177,014)Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities (4,603,875)  (3,919,153)  9,802,666       Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash 1,079,691   157,803   (1,986,826)Cash at Beginning of Period 296,384   138,581   3,712,526 Cash at End of Period$1,376,075  $296,384  $1,725,700             


RING ENERGY, INC.

Financial Commodity Derivative Positions
As of March 31, 2024

The following tables reflect the details of current derivative contracts as of March 31, 2024 (quantities are in barrels (Bbl) for the oil derivative contracts and in million British thermal units (MMBtu) for the natural gas derivative contracts):

 Oil Hedges (WTI) Q2 2024 Q3 2024 Q4 2024 Q1 2025 Q2 2025 Q3 2025 Q4 2025 Q1 2026                Swaps:               Hedged volume (Bbl) 156,975  282,900  368,000  —  —  184,000  —  387,000Weighted average swap price$66.40 $65.49 $68.43 $— $— $73.35 $— $70.11                Deferred premium puts:               Hedged volume (Bbl) 45,500  —  —  —  —  —  —  —Weighted average strike price$82.80 $— $— $— $— $— $— $—Weighted average deferred premium price$17.49 $— $— $— $— $— $— $—                Two-way collars:               Hedged volume (Bbl) 334,947  230,000  128,800  474,750  464,100  225,400  404,800  —Weighted average put price$64.32 $64.00 $60.00 $57.06 $60.00 $65.00 $60.00 $—Weighted average call price$79.16 $76.50 $73.24 $75.82 $69.85 $78.91 $75.68 $—

 Gas Hedges (Henry Hub) Q2 2024 Q3 2024 Q4 2024 Q1 2025 Q2 2025 Q3 2025 Q4 2025 Q1 2026                NYMEX Swaps:               Hedged volume (MMBtu) 86,059  121,587  644,946  616,199  591,725  285,200  —  —Weighted average swap price$3.62 $3.59 $4.45 $3.78 $3.43 $3.73 $— $—                Two-way collars:               Hedged volume (MMBtu) 405,650  584,200  27,600  27,000  27,300  308,200  598,000  553,500Weighted average put price$3.94 $3.94 $3.00 $3.00 $3.00 $3.00 $3.00 $3.50Weighted average call price$6.16 $6.17 $4.15 $4.15 $4.15 $4.75 $4.15 $5.03

 Oil Hedges (basis differential) Q2 2024 Q3 2024 Q4 2024 Q1 2025 Q2 2025 Q3 2025 Q4 2025 Q1 2026                Argus basis swaps:               Hedged volume (Bbl) 244,000  368,000  368,000  270,000  273,000  276,000  276,000  —Weighted average spread price(1)$1.15 $1.15 $1.15 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $1.00 $—                        

(1) The oil basis swap hedges are calculated as the fixed price (weighted average spread price above) less the difference between WTI Midland and WTI Cushing, in the issue of Argus Americas Crude.

RING ENERGY, INC.
Non-GAAP Financial Information

Certain financial information included in this release are not measures of financial performance recognized by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). These non-GAAP financial measures are “Adjusted Net Income”, “Adjusted EBITDA”, “Adjusted Free Cash Flow” or “AFCF,” “Adjusted Cash Flow from Operations” or “ACFFO,” “G&A Excluding Share-Based Compensation,” “G&A Excluding Share-Based Compensation and Transaction Costs,” “Leverage Ratio,” and “All-In Cash Operating Costs.” Management uses these non-GAAP financial measures in its analysis of performance. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA is a key metric used to determine certain of the Company’s incentive compensation awards. These disclosures may not be viewed as a substitute for results determined in accordance with GAAP and are not necessarily comparable to non-GAAP performance measures which may be reported by other companies.

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted Net Income

“Adjusted Net Income” is calculated as net income (loss) minus the estimated after-tax impact of share-based compensation, ceiling test impairment, unrealized gains and losses on changes in the fair value of derivatives, and transaction costs for executed acquisitions and divestitures (A&D). Adjusted Net Income is presented because the timing and amount of these items cannot be reasonably estimated and affect the comparability of operating results from period to period, and current period to prior periods. The Company believes that the presentation of Adjusted Net Income provides useful information to investors as it is one of the metrics management uses to assess the Company’s ongoing operating and financial performance, and also is a useful metric for investors to compare our results with our peers.

 (Unaudited for All Periods) Three Months Ended March 31, December 31, March 31, 2024
 2023
 2023
 Total Per share – diluted Total Per share – diluted Total Per share – dilutedNet Income (Loss)$5,515,377  $0.03  $50,896,479  $0.26  $32,715,779  $0.17             Share-based compensation 1,723,832   0.01   2,458,682   0.01   1,943,696   0.01 Unrealized loss (gain) on change in fair value of derivatives 17,552,980   0.08   (32,505,544)  (0.16)  (10,133,430)  (0.05)Transaction costs – executed A&D 3,539   —   354,616   —   —   — Tax impact on adjusted items (4,447,977)  (0.02)  (35,631)  —   478,467   —             Adjusted Net Income$20,347,751  $0.10  $21,168,602  $0.11  $25,004,512  $0.13             Diluted Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding 199,305,150     197,848,812     190,138,969               Adjusted Net Income per Diluted Share$0.10    $0.11    $0.13                     

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA

The Company defines “Adjusted EBITDA” as net income (loss) plus net interest expense, unrealized loss (gain) on change in fair value of derivatives, ceiling test impairment, income tax (benefit) expense, depreciation, depletion and amortization, asset retirement obligation accretion, transaction costs for executed acquisitions and divestitures (A&D), share-based compensation, loss (gain) on disposal of assets, and backing out the effect of other income. Company management believes Adjusted EBITDA is relevant and useful because it helps investors understand Ring’s operating performance and makes it easier to compare its results with those of other companies that have different financing, capital and tax structures. Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation from or as a substitute for net income, as an indication of operating performance or cash flows from operating activities or as a measure of liquidity. Adjusted EBITDA, as Ring calculates it, may not be comparable to Adjusted EBITDA measures reported by other companies. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA does not represent funds available for discretionary use.

   (Unaudited for All Periods) Three Months Ended March 31, December 31, March 31, 2024 2023 2023Net Income (Loss)$5,515,377  $50,896,479  $32,715,779       Interest expense, net 11,420,400   11,506,908   10,390,279 Unrealized loss (gain) on change in fair value of derivatives 17,552,980   (32,505,544)  (10,133,430)Income tax (benefit) expense 1,728,886   7,862,930   2,029,943 Depreciation, depletion and amortization 23,792,450   24,556,654   21,271,671 Asset retirement obligation accretion 350,834   351,786   365,847 Transaction costs – executed A&D 3,539   354,616   — Share-based compensation 1,723,832   2,458,682   1,943,696 Loss (gain) on disposal of assets (38,355)  (44,981)  — Other income (25,686)  (72,725)  (9,600)      Adjusted EBITDA$62,024,257  $65,364,805  $58,574,185       Adjusted EBITDA Margin 66%  65%  66%            

Reconciliations of Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities to Adjusted Free Cash Flow and Adjusted EBITDA to Adjusted Free Cash Flow

The Company defines “Adjusted Free Cash Flow” or “AFCF” as Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities less changes in operating assets and liabilities (as reflected on our Condensed Statements of Cash Flows), plus transaction costs for executed acquisitions and divestitures (A&D), current income tax expense (benefit), proceeds from divestitures of equipment for oil and natural gas properties, loss (gain) on disposal of assets, and less capital expenditures, bad debt expense, and other income. For this purpose, our definition of capital expenditures includes costs incurred related to oil and natural gas properties (such as drilling and infrastructure costs and the lease maintenance costs) but excludes acquisition costs of oil and gas properties from third parties that are not included in our capital expenditures guidance provided to investors. Our management believes that Adjusted Free Cash Flow is an important financial performance measure for use in evaluating the performance and efficiency of our current operating activities after the impact of capital expenditures and net interest expense and without being impacted by items such as changes associated with working capital, which can vary substantially from one period to another. Other companies may use different definitions of Adjusted Free Cash Flow.

   (Unaudited for All Periods) Three Months Ended March 31, December 31, March 31, 2024 2023 2023      Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities$45,189,169  $55,733,207  $43,680,096 Adjustments – Condensed Statements of Cash Flows     Changes in operating assets and liabilities 6,758,004   (606,551)  5,679,398 Transaction costs – executed A&D 3,539   354,616   — Income tax expense (benefit) – current 102,633   (192,048)  57,290 Capital expenditures (36,261,008)  (38,817,080)  (38,925,497)Proceeds from divestiture of equipment for oil and natural gas properties —   —   54,558 Bad debt expense (163,840)  (92,142)  (2,894)Loss (gain) on disposal of assets (38,355)  (44,981)  — Other income (25,686)  (72,725)  (9,600)      Adjusted Free Cash Flow$15,564,456  $16,262,296  $10,533,351             

   (Unaudited for All Periods) Three Months Ended March 31, December 31, March 31, 2024 2023 2023      Adjusted EBITDA$62,024,257  $65,364,805  $58,574,185       Net interest expense (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs) (10,198,793)  (10,285,429)  (9,169,895)Capital expenditures (36,261,008)  (38,817,080)  (38,925,497)Proceeds from divestiture of equipment for oil and natural gas properties —   —   54,558       Adjusted Free Cash Flow$15,564,456  $16,262,296  $10,533,351             

Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities to Adjusted Cash Flow from Operations

The Company defines “Adjusted Cash Flow from Operations” or “ACFFO” as Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities, as reflected in our Condensed Statements of Cash Flows, less the changes in operating assets and liabilities, which includes accounts receivable, inventory, prepaid expenses and other assets, accounts payable, and settlement of asset retirement obligation, which are subject to variation due to the nature of the Company’s operations. Accordingly, the Company believes this non-GAAP measure is useful to investors because it is used often in its industry and allows investors to compare this metric to other companies in its peer group as well as the E&P sector.

   (Unaudited for All Periods) Three Months Ended March 31, December 31, March 31, 2024
 2023 2023
      Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities$45,189,169  $55,733,207  $43,680,096       Changes in operating assets and liabilities 6,758,004   (606,551)  5,679,398       Adjusted Cash Flow from Operations$51,947,173  $55,126,656  $49,359,494             

Reconciliation of General and Administrative Expense (G&A) to G&A Excluding Share-Based Compensation and Transaction Costs

The following table presents a reconciliation of General and Administrative Expense (G&A), a GAAP measure, to G&A excluding share-based compensation, and G&A excluding share-based compensation and transaction costs for executed acquisitions and divestitures (A&D).

   (Unaudited for All Periods) Three Months Ended March 31, December 31, March 31, 2024
 2023
 2023
      General and administrative expense (G&A)$7,469,222  $8,164,799  $7,130,139 Shared-based compensation 1,723,832   2,458,682   1,943,696 G&A excluding share-based compensation 5,745,390   5,706,117   5,186,443 Transaction costs – executed A&D 3,539   354,616   — G&A excluding share-based compensation and transaction costs$5,741,851  $5,351,501  $5,186,443             

Calculation of Leverage Ratio

“Leverage” or the “Leverage Ratio” is calculated under our existing senior revolving credit facility and means as of any date, the ratio of (i) our consolidated total debt as of such date to (ii) our Consolidated EBITDAX for the four consecutive fiscal quarters ending on or immediately prior to such date for which financial statements are required to have been delivered under our existing senior revolving credit facility; provided that for the purposes of the definition of ‘Leverage Ratio’: (a) for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2023, Consolidated EBITDAX is calculated by multiplying Consolidated EBITDAX for the three fiscal quarter periods ended on March 31, 2023 by four-thirds, and (b) for each fiscal quarter thereafter, Consolidated EBITDAX will be calculated by adding Consolidated EBITDAX for the four consecutive fiscal quarters ending on such date.

The Company defines “Consolidated EBITDAX” in accordance with our existing senior revolving credit facility that means for any period an amount equal to the sum of (i) consolidated net income (loss) for such period plus (ii) to the extent deducted in determining consolidated net income for such period, and without duplication, (A) consolidated interest expense, (B) income tax expense determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP, (C) depreciation, depletion and amortization determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP, (D) exploration expenses determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP, and (E) all other non-cash charges acceptable to our senior revolving credit facility administrative agent determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP, in each case for such period minus (iii) all noncash income added to consolidated net income (loss) for such period; provided that, for purposes of calculating compliance with the financial covenants, to the extent that during such period we shall have consummated an acquisition permitted by the credit facility or any sale, transfer or other disposition of any property or assets permitted by the senior revolving credit facility, Consolidated EBITDAX will be calculated on a pro forma basis with respect to the property or assets so acquired or disposed of.

Also set forth in our existing senior revolving credit facility is the maximum permitted Leverage Ratio of 3.00. The following table shows the leverage ratio calculation for our most recent fiscal quarter.

 (Unaudited) Three Months Ended   June 30, September 30, December 31, March 31, Last Four
Quarters

 2023 2023 2023 2024
 Consolidated EBITDAX Calculation:         Net Income (Loss)$28,791,605  $(7,539,222) $50,896,479  $5,515,377  $77,664,239 Plus: Consolidated interest expense 10,471,062   11,301,328   11,506,908   11,420,400   44,699,698 Plus: Income tax provision (benefit) (6,356,295)  (3,411,336)  7,862,930   1,728,886   (175,815)Plus: Depreciation, depletion and amortization 20,792,932   21,989,034   24,556,654   23,792,450   91,131,070 Plus: non-cash charges acceptable to Administrative Agent (470,875)  36,396,867   (29,695,076)  19,627,646   25,858,562 Consolidated EBITDAX$53,228,429  $58,736,671  $65,127,895  $62,084,759  $239,177,754 Plus: Pro Forma Acquired Consolidated EBITDAX 9,542,529   4,810,123   —   —   14,352,652 Less: Pro Forma Divested Consolidated EBITDAX (357,122)  (672,113)  (66,463)  40,474   (1,055,224)Pro Forma Consolidated EBITDAX$62,413,836  $62,874,681  $65,061,432  $62,125,233  $252,475,182           Non-cash charges acceptable to Administrative Agent         Asset retirement obligation accretion$353,878  $354,175  $351,786  $350,834   Unrealized loss (gain) on derivative assets (3,085,065)  33,871,957   (32,505,544)  17,552,980   Share-based compensation 2,260,312   2,170,735   2,458,682   1,723,832   Total non-cash charges acceptable to Administrative Agent$(470,875) $36,396,867  $(29,695,076) $19,627,646              As of         March 31,         2024        Leverage Ratio Covenant:         Revolving line of credit$422,000,000         Pro Forma Consolidated EBITDAX 252,475,182         Leverage Ratio 1.67         Maximum Allowed≤ 3.00x                    

All-In Cash Operating Costs

The Company defines All-In Cash Operating Costs, a non-GAAP financial measure, as “all in cash” costs which includes lease operating expenses, G&A costs excluding share-based compensation, interest expense, workovers and other operating expenses, production taxes, ad valorem taxes, and gathering/transportation costs. Management believes that this metric provides useful additional information to investors to assess the Company’s operating costs in comparison to its peers, which may vary from company to company.

   (Unaudited for All Periods) Three Months Ended March 31, December 31, March 31, 2024
 2023
 2023All-In Cash Operating Costs:     Lease operating expenses (including workovers)$18,360,434  $18,732,082  $17,472,691 G&A excluding share-based compensation 5,745,390   5,706,117   5,186,443 Net interest expense (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs) 10,198,793   10,285,429   9,169,895 Operating lease expense 175,091   175,090   113,138 Oil and natural gas production taxes 4,428,303   4,961,768   4,408,140 Ad valorem taxes 2,145,631   1,637,722   1,670,613 Gathering, transportation and processing costs 166,054   464,558   (823)All-in cash operating costs$41,219,696  $41,962,766  $38,020,097       Boe 1,732,057   1,784,490   1,646,306       All-in cash operating costs per Boe$23.80  $23.52  $23.09             

1 A non-GAAP financial measure; see the “Non-GAAP Information” section in this release for more information including reconciliations to the most comparable GAAP measures.
2 Refer to the “Non-GAAP Information” section in this release for calculation of the Leverage Ratio.

 

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