NCS Multistage Holdings, Inc. Announces First Quarter 2024 Results

May 1, 2024

First Quarter Results

Total revenues of $43.9 million, a 1% year-over-year increase and a 24% increase compared to the fourth quarter of 2023Net income of $2.1 million and earnings per diluted share of $0.82, compared to net loss of $(15.0) million and loss per share of $(6.10) in the same quarter of 2023Adjusted net income of $2.5 million and adjusted earnings per diluted share of $0.99, compared to adjusted net income of $1.2 million and adjusted earnings per diluted share of $0.50 in the first quarter of 2023Adjusted EBITDA of $6.1 million, an increase of $1.2 million from the first quarter of 2023  Adjusted EBITDA margin of 14%, compared to 11% in the first quarter of 2023$14.0 million in cash and $8.9 million of total debt as of March 31, 2024

HOUSTON, May 01, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — NCS Multistage Holdings, Inc. (Nasdaq: NCSM) (the “Company,” “NCS,” “we” or “us”), a leading provider of highly engineered products and support services that facilitate the optimization of oil and natural gas well construction, well completions and field development strategies, today announced its results for the quarter ended March 31, 2024.

Financial Review

Total revenues were $43.9 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2024 as compared to $43.6 million for the first quarter of 2023. This increase reflects higher Canadian and international product sales and services revenues, partially offset by a decrease in U.S. product sales and services revenues. The overall increase was primarily related to higher frac service revenues in Canada and product sales in the North Sea. These results were partially offset by lower activity levels, particularly in the United States, compared to the prior period. The average rig count in the United States decreased in the first quarter of 2024 by 19%, compared to the same period in 2023, while the average rig count in Canada decreased by only 6%. Sales of our products in the United States continue to be affected by lower natural gas prices, which had a negative impact on customer activity levels. 

Compared to the fourth quarter of 2023, total revenues increased by 24%, with increases of 27% in Canada, 10% in the United States and 86% in the international market, with the total sequential increase primarily related to favorable customer activity levels in Canada, which is subject to seasonality, and frac systems sales to a customer in the North Sea.

Gross profit was $17.0 million, or a gross margin of 39%, for the first quarter of 2024, compared to $18.0 million, or 41%, for the first quarter of 2023. Gross margin for 2024 reflects increases in product costs driven by historical increases in the cost of steel and continued labor wage inflation. Adjusted gross profit, which we define as total revenues less total cost of sales, exclusive of depreciation and amortization (“DD&A”), was $17.6 million, or an adjusted gross margin of 40%, for the first quarter of 2024, compared to $18.5 million, or 43%, for the first quarter of 2023.

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses totaled $13.8 million for the first quarter of 2024, a decrease of $2.3 million compared to the same period in 2023. This decrease in expense reflects the benefit of cost-saving measures implemented through our restructuring efforts in 2023, as well as a decline in relative annual incentive bonus accruals year-over-year of $0.6 million and lower professional fees, share-based compensation and insurance expense of $0.7 million, $0.4 million, and $0.2 million, respectively.

Other income was $1.1 million for the first quarter of 2024 compared to $0.3 million for the first quarter of 2023. This change in other income primarily relates to an increase in royalty income from licenses and the benefit from a profit share associated with our technical services and assistance agreement with our local Oman partner. 

Net income was $2.1 million, or $0.82 per diluted share, for the quarter ended March 31, 2024 compared to net loss of $(15.0) million, or $(6.10) per share for the quarter ended March 31, 2023. Our net loss for the first quarter of 2023 was impacted by a $17.5 million litigation provision associated with a jury verdict in Texas issued against us in early May 2023. In December 2023, we settled the matter where the insurance carrier agreed to pay the mutually-agreed settlement amounts to the plaintiff in an amount within insurance coverage limits, with no cash impact to NCS. The settlement was paid in January 2024. 

Adjusted EBITDA was $6.1 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2024, an increase of $1.2 million compared to the same period a year ago. This improvement is primarily the result of lower SG&A expenses and an increase in other income partially offset by lower gross profit. Our resulting Adjusted EBITDA margin of 14% for the quarter ended March 31, 2024 improved from 11% in the same period a year ago.

Cash flow from operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was a use of $(1.9) million, a $0.3 million change compared to cash used for the same period in 2023. For the three months ended March 31, 2024, free cash flow, less distributions to non-controlling interest, was a use of cash of $(2.5) million compared to a use of cash of $(2.0) million for the same period in 2023. The overall decline in free cash flow was largely attributed to a distribution to our non-controlling interest and an increase in our net working capital. The increase in our net working capital was primarily related to an increase in our accounts receivable, partially offset by a decline in our inventory balances and an increase in our accounts payable.

Liquidity and Capital Expenditures

As of March 31, 2024, NCS had $14.0 million in cash and $8.9 million in total debt, and a borrowing base under the undrawn asset-based revolving credit facility (“ABL Facility”) of $20.4 million. Our working capital, defined as current assets minus current liabilities, was $73.7 million and $71.2 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.

NCS incurred capital expenditures, net of proceeds from the sale of property and equipment, of $0.1 million and $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

Review and Outlook

NCS’s Chief Executive Officer, Ryan Hummer commented, “NCS has had a strong start to 2024, with total revenues and Adjusted EBITDA for the first quarter exceeding our expectations as provided in the last earnings call, led by outperformance in Canada and international markets.

Our total revenues increased by 1% year-over-year and 24% sequentially. Importantly, our revenues outperformed industry benchmarks in each of the United States and Canada. U.S. revenue fell by 12% year-over-year but increased by 10% sequentially. This compares favorably to changes in U.S. well completions per the EIA Drilling Productivity Report of (15%) and (11%), respectively. Canadian revenue increased by 3% year-over-year and by 27% sequentially. This compares favorably to changes in the Canadian land rig count of (6%) and 16% respectively.      

Our net income for the first quarter of 2024 was $2.1 million, or $0.82 per diluted share. Our Adjusted EBITDA for the first quarter of 2024 was $6.1 million, an improvement of $1.2 million year-over-year and $3.5 million sequentially. This year-over-year improvement stems from a reduction in SG&A expense and an increase in other income, primarily royalty income generated from licensing certain intellectual property.

We continue to believe that average 2024 industry drilling and completion activity in Canada will be flat to slightly lower compared to 2023 and activity in the United States will decline on average by 5% to 10% compared to 2023, although such activity may increase modestly throughout the remainder of 2024 from recent levels. We expect international industry activity to improve on average between 5% to 10% in 2024 compared to 2023.

For the second quarter, we expect revenues to improve sequentially in our U.S. and international operations, but decline for our Canadian operations, reflecting normal seasonal patterns in that market. The anticipated increases in revenue in the U.S. and international markets is driven by increased frac systems activity in the United States, and increased customer activity in the North Sea and in the Middle East. 

We continue to believe the value that we bring to our customers across our product and service portfolio, together with continued product and service innovation, positions us to outperform the anticipated changes in industry drilling and completion activity, and to increase revenue and Adjusted EBITDA in 2024 compared to 2023.

I am excited about our business and the opportunities for NCS in 2024 and beyond as we deliver on our core strategies to build upon our leading market positions, capitalize on opportunities in international and offshore markets and as we bring new and innovative solutions to our customers around the world.

I extend my gratitude to our team at NCS and at Repeat Precision. I appreciate the hard work and dedication of our outstanding people. We have the right team, the right technology, and the right strategies in place to deliver extraordinary outcomes to our customers, drive innovation in the industry and to create value for our shareholders.”

EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA Margin, Adjusted EBITDA Less Share-Based Compensation, Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Adjusted Earnings (Loss) per Diluted Share, Adjusted Gross Profit, Adjusted Gross Margin, Free Cash Flow, Free Cash Flow Less Distributions to Non-Controlling Interest and Net Working Capital are non-GAAP financial measures. For an explanation of these measures and a reconciliation, refer to Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

Conference Call

The Company will host a conference call to discuss its first quarter 2024 results and updated guidance on Thursday, May 2, 2024 at 7:30 a.m. Central Time (8:30 a.m. Eastern Time). The conference call will be available via a live audio webcast. Participants who wish to ask questions may register for the call here to receive the dial-in numbers and unique PIN. If you wish to join the conference call but do not plan to ask questions, you may join the listen-only webcast here. The live webcast can also be accessed by visiting the Investors section of the Company’s website at ir.ncsmultistage.com. It is recommended that participants join at least 10 minutes prior to the event start.

The replay will be available in the Investors section of the Company’s website shortly after the conclusion of the call and will remain available for approximately seven days.

About NCS Multistage Holdings, Inc.

NCS Multistage Holdings, Inc. is a leading provider of highly engineered products and support services that facilitate the optimization of oil and natural gas well construction, well completions and field development strategies. NCS provides products and services primarily to exploration and production companies for use in onshore and offshore wells, predominantly wells that have been drilled with horizontal laterals in both unconventional and conventional oil and natural gas formations. NCS’s products and services are utilized in oil and natural gas basins throughout North America and in selected international markets, including the North Sea, the Middle East, Argentina and China. NCS’s common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “NCSM.” Additional information is available on the website, www.ncsmultistage.com.

Forward Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “seeks,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects and similar references to future periods, or by the inclusion of forecasts or projections. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements we make regarding the outlook for our future business and financial performance. Forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and assumptions regarding our business, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, by their nature, they are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. As a result, our actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include regional, national or global political, economic, business, competitive, market and regulatory conditions and the following: declines in the level of oil and natural gas exploration and production activity in Canada, the United States and internationally; oil and natural gas price fluctuations; significant competition for our products and services that results in pricing pressures, reduced sales, or reduced market share; inability to successfully implement our strategy of increasing sales of products and services into the U.S. and international markets; loss of significant customers; losses and liabilities from uninsured or underinsured business activities and litigation; our failure to identify and consummate potential acquisitions; the financial health of our customers including their ability to pay for products or services provided; our inability to integrate or realize the expected benefits from acquisitions; our inability to achieve suitable price increases to offset the impacts of cost inflation; loss of any of our key suppliers or significant disruptions negatively impacting our supply chain; risks in attracting and retaining qualified employees and key personnel; risks resulting from the operations of our joint venture arrangement; currency exchange rate fluctuations; impact of severe weather conditions; our inability to accurately predict customer demand, which may result in us holding excess or obsolete inventory; impairment in the carrying value of long-lived assets including goodwill; failure to comply with or changes to federal, state and local and non-U.S. laws and other regulations, including anti-corruption and environmental regulations, guidelines and regulations for the use of explosives; change in trade policy, including the impact of tariffs; our inability to successfully develop and implement new technologies, products and services that align with the needs of our customers, including addressing the shift to more non-traditional energy markets as part of the energy transition; our inability to protect and maintain critical intellectual property assets or losses and liabilities from adverse decisions in intellectual property disputes; loss of, or interruption to, our information and computer systems; system interruptions or failures, including complications with our enterprise resource planning system, cybersecurity breaches, identity theft or other disruptions that could compromise our information; our failure to establish and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting; restrictions on the availability of our customers to obtain water essential to the drilling and hydraulic fracturing processes; changes in legislation or regulation governing the oil and natural gas industry, including restrictions on emissions of greenhouse gases; our inability to meet regulatory requirements for use of certain chemicals by our tracer diagnostics business; the reduction in our ABL Facility borrowing base or our inability to comply with the covenants in our debt agreements; and our inability to obtain sufficient liquidity on reasonable terms, or at all and other factors discussed or referenced in our filings made from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Any forward-looking statement made by us in this press release speaks only as of the date on which we make it. Factors or events that could cause our actual results to differ may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of them. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as may be required by law.

Contact

Mike Morrison
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
(281) 453-2222
IR@ncsmultistage.com 

NCS MULTISTAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)   Three Months Ended   March 31,   2024  2023 Revenues        Product sales $31,758  $31,430 Services  12,100   12,124 Total revenues  43,858   43,554 Cost of sales        Cost of product sales, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense shown below  19,692   18,833 Cost of services, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense shown below  6,595   6,180 Total cost of sales, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense shown below  26,287   25,013 Selling, general and administrative expenses  13,830   16,151 Depreciation  1,073   943 Amortization  167   167 Income from operations  2,501   1,280 Other income (expense)        Interest expense, net  (100)  (209)Provision for litigation, net of recoveries  —   (17,514)Other income, net  1,137   292 Foreign currency exchange (loss) gain  (498)  55 Total other income (expense)  539   (17,376)Income (loss) before income tax  3,040   (16,096)Income tax expense (benefit)  487   (1,100)Net income (loss)  2,553   (14,996)Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest  483   (27)Net income (loss) attributable to NCS Multistage Holdings, Inc. $2,070  $(14,969)Earnings (loss) per common share        Basic earnings (loss) per common share attributable to NCS Multistage Holdings, Inc. $0.83  $(6.10)Diluted earnings (loss) per common share attributable to NCS Multistage Holdings, Inc. $0.82  $(6.10)Weighted average common shares outstanding        Basic  2,508   2,452 Diluted  2,539   2,452  

NCS MULTISTAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS*
(In thousands, except share data)
(Unaudited)   March 31,  December 31,   2024  2023 Assets        Current assets        Cash and cash equivalents $14,004  $16,720 Accounts receivable—trade, net  33,919   23,981 Inventories, net  39,237   41,612 Prepaid expenses and other current assets  1,695   1,862 Other current receivables  4,065   4,042 Insurance receivable  —   15,000 Total current assets  92,920   103,217 Noncurrent assets        Property and equipment, net  23,143   23,336 Goodwill  15,222   15,222 Identifiable intangibles, net  4,240   4,407 Operating lease assets  4,461   4,847 Deposits and other assets  873   937 Deferred income taxes, net  66   66 Total noncurrent assets  48,005   48,815 Total assets $140,925  $152,032 Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity        Current liabilities        Accounts payable—trade $8,489  $6,227 Accrued expenses  3,814   3,702 Income taxes payable  350   364 Operating lease liabilities  1,556   1,583 Accrual for legal contingencies  —   15,000 Current maturities of long-term debt  2,441   1,812 Other current liabilities  2,547   3,370 Total current liabilities  19,197   32,058 Noncurrent liabilities        Long-term debt, less current maturities  6,443   6,344 Operating lease liabilities, long-term  3,365   3,775 Other long-term liabilities  202   213 Deferred income taxes, net  239   249 Total noncurrent liabilities  10,249   10,581 Total liabilities  29,446   42,639 Commitments and contingencies        Stockholders’ equity        Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023  —   — Common stock, $0.01 par value, 11,250,000 shares authorized, 2,540,626 shares issued and 2,485,708 shares outstanding at March 31, 2024 and 2,482,796 shares issued and 2,443,744 shares outstanding at December 31, 2023  25   25 Additional paid-in capital  445,404   444,638 Accumulated other comprehensive loss  (86,248)  (85,752)Retained deficit  (263,547)  (265,617)Treasury stock, at cost, 54,918 shares at March 31, 2024 and 39,052 shares at December 31, 2023  (1,913)  (1,676)Total stockholders’ equity  93,721   91,618 Non-controlling interest  17,758   17,775 Total equity  111,479   109,393 Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $140,925  $152,032  

*     Preliminary

NCS MULTISTAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)   Three Months Ended   March 31,   2024  2023 Cash flows from operating activities        Net income (loss) $2,553  $(14,996)Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:        Depreciation and amortization  1,240   1,110 Amortization of deferred loan costs  51   51 Share-based compensation  902   1,265 Provision for inventory obsolescence  316   104 Deferred income tax expense  5   23 Gain on sale of property and equipment  (172)  (83)Provision for litigation, net of recoveries  —   17,514 Net foreign currency unrealized loss (gain)  373   (205)Proceeds from note receivable  61   229 Changes in operating assets and liabilities:        Accounts receivable—trade  (10,282)  (1,917)Inventories, net  1,521   (3,786)Prepaid expenses and other assets  29   933 Accounts payable—trade  2,355   831 Accrued expenses  130   274 Other liabilities  (1,339)  (1,719)Income taxes receivable/payable  377   (1,179)Net cash used in operating activities  (1,880)  (1,551)Cash flows from investing activities        Purchases of property and equipment  (299)  (503)Purchase and development of software and technology  (13)  (61)Proceeds from sales of property and equipment  176   84 Net cash used in investing activities  (136)  (480)Cash flows from financing activities        Payments on finance leases  (449)  (387)Line of credit borrowings  1,158   3,581 Payments of line of credit borrowings  (602)  (3,349)Treasury shares withheld  (237)  (264)Distribution to noncontrolling interest  (500)  — Net cash used in financing activities  (630)  (419)Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents  (70)  (151)Net change in cash and cash equivalents  (2,716)  (2,601)Cash and cash equivalents beginning of period  16,720   16,234 Cash and cash equivalents end of period $14,004  $13,633 Noncash investing and financing activities        Assets obtained in exchange for new finance lease liabilities $696  $629 Assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities $—  $38          

NCS MULTISTAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
REVENUES BY GEOGRAPHIC AREA
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)   Three Months Ended   March 31,   2024  2023 United States        Product sales $7,767  $8,060 Services  2,244   3,259 Total United States  10,011   11,319 Canada        Product sales  22,675   22,561 Services  8,994   8,110 Total Canada  31,669   30,671 Other Countries        Product sales  1,316   809 Services  862   755 Total other countries  2,178   1,564 Total        Product sales  31,758   31,430 Services  12,100   12,124 Total revenues $43,858  $43,554  

NCS MULTISTAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL INFORMATION
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

Non-GAAP Financial Measures 

EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA Margin, Adjusted EBITDA Less Share-Based Compensation, Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Adjusted Earnings (Loss) per Diluted Share, Adjusted Gross Profit, Adjusted Gross Margin, Free Cash Flow, Free Cash Flow Less Distributions to Non-Controlling Interest and Net Working Capital (our “non-GAAP financial measures”) are not defined under generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), are not measures of net income (loss), income (loss) from operations, gross profit and gross margin (inclusive of DD&A), cash provided by (used in) operating activities, working capital or any other performance measure derived in accordance with GAAP, and are subject to important limitations. Our non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies in our industry and are not measures of performance calculated in accordance with GAAP. Our non-GAAP financial measures have important limitations as analytical tools and you should not consider them in isolation or as substitutes for analysis of our financial performance as reported under GAAP, and they should not be considered as alternatives to net income (loss), income (loss) from operations, gross profit, gross margin, cash provided by (used in) operating activities, working capital or any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP as measures of operating performance or as alternatives to cash flow from operating activities as measures of our liquidity.

However, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA Margin, Adjusted EBITDA Less Share-Based Compensation, Adjusted Net Income (Loss), Adjusted Earnings (Loss) per Diluted Share, Adjusted Gross Profit, Adjusted Gross Margin, Free Cash Flow, Free Cash Flow Less Distributions to Non-Controlling Interest and Net Working Capital are key metrics that management uses to assess the period-to-period performance of our core business operations or metrics that enable investors to assess our performance from period to period to evaluate our performance relative to other companies that are not subject to such factors, or who may provide similar non-GAAP measures in their public disclosures.

The tables below set forth reconciliations of our non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable measures of financial performance calculated under GAAP:

NET WORKING CAPITAL*

Net working capital is defined as total current assets, excluding cash and cash equivalents, minus total current liabilities, excluding current maturities of long-term debt. Net working capital excludes cash and cash equivalents and current maturities of long-term debt in order to evaluate the investments in working capital that we believe are required to support our business. We believe that net working capital is useful in analyzing the cash flow and working capital needs of the Company, including determining the efficiencies of our operations and our ability to readily convert assets into cash.

  March 31,  December 31,   2024  2023 Working capital $73,723  $71,159 Cash and cash equivalents  (14,004)  (16,720)Current maturities of long term debt  2,441   1,812 Net working capital $62,160  $56,251 

_____________________
*     Preliminary

NCS MULTISTAGE HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL INFORMATION
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

ADJUSTED GROSS PROFIT AND ADJUSTED GROSS MARGIN

Adjusted gross profit is defined as total revenues minus cost of sales, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense, which we present as a separate line item in our statement of operations. Adjusted gross margin represents adjusted gross profit as a percentage of total revenues.

  Three Months Ended   March 31,   2024  2023 Total revenues $43,858  $43,554 Total cost of sales, exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense  26,287   25,013 Total depreciation and amortization associated with cost of sales  616   516 Gross Profit $16,955  $18,025 Gross Margin  38.7%  41.4%Exclude total depreciation and amortization associated with cost of sales  (616)  (516)Adjusted Gross Profit $17,571  $18,541 Adjusted Gross Margin  40.1%  42.6% 

ADJUSTED NET INCOME (LOSS) AND ADJUSTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER DILUTED SHARE

Adjusted net income (loss) is defined as net income (loss) attributable to NCS Multistage Holdings, Inc. adjusted to exclude certain items which we believe are not reflective of ongoing performance. Adjusted earnings (loss) per diluted share is defined as adjusted net income (loss) divided by our diluted weighted average common shares outstanding during the relevant period.

  Three Months Ended   March 31, 2024  March 31, 2023   Effect on Net Income  Impact on Diluted Earnings Per Share  Effect on Net (Loss) Income  Impact on Diluted (Loss) Earnings Per Share Net income (loss) attributable to NCS Multistage Holdings, Inc. $2,070  $0.82  $(14,969) $(6.10)Adjustments                Provision for litigation, net of recoveries (a)  —   —   17,514   7.13 Foreign currency exchange loss (gain) (b)  509   0.20   (57)  (0.02)Income tax impact from adjustments (c)  (64)  (0.03)  (1,252)  (0.51)Adjusted net income (loss) attributable to NCS Multistage Holdings, Inc. $2,515  $0.99  $1,236  $0.50  

__________________

(a)Represents litigation provision associated with a jury verdict in Texas. In December 2023, we settled the matter where the insurance carrier agreed to pay the mutually-agreed settlement amounts to the plaintiff in January 2024, resulting in no cash payments by NCS.(b)Represents realized and unrealized foreign currency exchange gains and losses attributable to NCS Multistage Holdings, Inc. primarily due to movement in the foreign currency exchange rates during the applicable periods.(c)Represents income tax impacts based on applicable effective tax rates.  


NCS MULTISTAGE HOLDINGS, INC.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL INFORMATION
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

EBITDA, ADJUSTED EBITDA, ADJUSTED EBITDA MARGIN, AND ADJUSTED EBITDA LESS SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) before interest expense, net, income tax expense and depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as EBITDA adjusted to exclude certain items which we believe are not reflective of ongoing operating performance or which, in the case of share-based compensation, is non-cash in nature. Adjusted EBITDA Margin represents Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of total revenues. Adjusted EBITDA Less Share-Based Compensation is defined as Adjusted EBITDA minus share-based compensation expense. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA is an important measure that excludes costs that management believes do not reflect our ongoing operating performance, legal proceedings for intellectual property as further described below, and certain costs associated with our capital structure. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA Less Share-Based Compensation presents our financial performance in a manner that is comparable to the presentation provided by many of our peers.

We periodically incur legal costs associated with the assertion of, or defense of, intellectual property, which we exclude from our definition of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Less Share-Based Compensation, unless we believe that settlement will occur prior to any material legal spend (included in the table below as “Professional Fees”). Although these costs may recur between periods, depending on legal matters then outstanding or in process, we believe the timing of when these costs are incurred does not typically match the settlement or recoveries associated with such matters, and therefore, can distort our operating results. Similarly, we exclude from Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Less Share-Based Compensation the one-time settlement or recovery payment associated with these excluded legal matters when realized but would not exclude any go forward royalties or payments, if applicable. We expect to continue to incur these legal costs for current matters under appeal and for any future cases that may go to trial, provided that the amount will vary by period.

  Three Months Ended   March 31,   2024  2023 Net income (loss) $2,553  $(14,996)Income tax expense (benefit)  487   (1,100)Interest expense, net  100   209 Depreciation  1,073   943 Amortization  167   167 EBITDA  4,380   (14,777)Provision for litigation, net of recoveries (a)  —   17,514 Share-based compensation (b)  766   913 Professional fees (c)  253   1,084 Foreign currency exchange loss (gain) (d)  498   (55)Other (e)  180   191 Adjusted EBITDA $6,077  $4,870 Adjusted EBITDA Margin  14%  11%Adjusted EBITDA Less Share-Based Compensation $5,311  $3,957 

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(a)Represents litigation provision associated with a jury verdict in Texas. See footnote (a) in the “Adjusted Net Income (Loss) and Adjusted Earnings (Loss) per Diluted Share” table above for more information.(b)Represents non-cash compensation charges related to share-based compensation granted to our officers, employees and directors.(c)Represents non-capitalizable costs of professional services primarily incurred or reversed in connection with our legal proceedings associated with the assertion of, or defense of, intellectual property as further described above.(d)Represents realized and unrealized foreign currency exchange gains and losses primarily due to movement in the foreign currency exchange rates during the applicable periods.(e)Represents the impact of a research and development subsidy that is included in income tax expense in accordance with GAAP along with other charges and credits.  

FREE CASH FLOW AND FREE CASH FLOW LESS DISTRIBUTIONS TO NON-CONTROLLING INTEREST

Free cash flow is defined as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities less purchases of property and equipment (inclusive of the purchase and development of software and technology) plus proceeds from sales of property and equipment, as presented in our consolidated statement of cash flows. We define free cash flow less distributions to non-controlling interest as free cash flow less amounts reported in the financing activities section of the statement of cash flows as distributions to non-controlling interest. We believe free cash flow is useful because it provides information to investors regarding the cash that was available in the period that was in excess of our needs to fund our capital expenditures and other investment needs. We believe that free cash flow less distributions to non-controlling interest is useful because it provides information to investors regarding the cash that was available in the period that was in excess of our needs to fund our capital expenditures, other investment needs, and cash distributions to our joint venture partner.

  Three Months Ended   March 31,   2024  2023 Net cash used in operating activities $(1,880) $(1,551)Purchases of property and equipment  (299)  (503)Purchase and development of software and technology  (13)  (61)Proceeds from sales of property and equipment  176   84 Free cash flow $(2,016) $(2,031)Distributions to non-controlling interest  (500)  — Free cash flow less distributions to non-controlling interest $(2,516) $(2,031)

 

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